ISFJs are characterized above all by their desire khổng lồ serve others, their "need to lớn be needed." In extreme cases, this need is so strong that standard give-and-take relationships are deeply unsatisfying lớn them; however, most ISFJs find more than enough with which to lớn occupy themselves within the framework of a normal life. (Since ISFJs, lượt thích all SJs, are very much bound by the prevailing social conventions, their khung of "service" is likely to exclude any elements of moral or political controversy; they specialize in the local, the personal, và the practical.)

ISFJs are often unappreciated, at work, home, và play. Ironically, because they prove over and over that they can be relied on for their loyalty & unstinting, high-quality work, those around them often take them for granted--even take advantage of them. Admittedly, the problem is sometimes aggravated by the ISFJs themselves; for instance, they are notoriously bad at delegating ("If you want it done right, vì it yourself"). And although they"re hurt by being treated lượt thích doormats, they are often unwilling to lớn toot their own horns about their accomplishments because they feel that although they deserve more credit than they"re getting, it"s somehow wrong lớn want any sort of reward for doing work (which is supposed khổng lồ be a virtue in itself). (And as low-profile Is, their actions don"t gọi attention to lớn themselves as with charismatic Es.) Because of all of this, ISFJs are often overworked, & as a result may suffer from psychosomatic illnesses.

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In the workplace, ISFJs are methodical và accurate workers, often with very good memories và unexpected analytic abilities; they are also good with people in small-group or one-on-one situations because of their patient và genuinely sympathetic approach to lớn dealing with others. ISFJs make pleasant and reliable co-workers and exemplary employees, but tend khổng lồ be harried and uncomfortable in supervisory roles. They are capable of forming strong loyalties, but these are personal rather than institutional loyalties; if someone they"ve bonded with in this way leaves the company, the ISFJ will leave with them, if given the option. Traditional careers for an ISFJ include: teaching, social work, most religious work, nursing, medicine (general practice only), clerical & and secretarial work of any kind, và some kinds of administrative careers.


While their work ethic is high on the ISFJ priority list, their families are the centers of their lives. ISFJs are extremely warm & demonstrative within the family circle--and often possessive of their loved ones, as well. When these include Es who want lớn socialize with the rest of the world, or self-contained ITs, the ISFJ must learn to lớn adjust to lớn these behaviors và not interpret them as rejection. Being SJs, they place a strong emphasis on conventional behavior (although, unlike STJs, they are usually as concerned with being "nice" as with strict propriety); if any of their nearest & dearest depart from the straight-and-narrow, it causes the ISFJ major embarrassment: the closer the relationship và the more public the act, the more intense the embarrassment (a fact which many of their teenage children take gleeful advantage of). Over time, however, ISFJs usually mellow, và learn lớn regard the culprits as harmless eccentrics :-). Needless khổng lồ say, ISFJs take infinite trouble over meals, gifts, celebrations, etc., for their loved ones--although strong Js may tend khổng lồ focus more on what the recipient should want rather than what they do want.

Like most Is, ISFJs have a few, close friends. They are extremely loyal to these, and are ready lớn provide emotional và practical tư vấn at a moment"s notice. (However, lượt thích most Fs they hate confrontation; if you get into a fight, don"t expect them khổng lồ jump in after you. You can count on them, however, run & get the nearest authority figure.) Unlike with EPs, the older the friendship is, the more an ISFJ will value it. One ISFJ trait that is easily misunderstood by those who haven"t known them long is that they are oftenunable to either hide or articulate any distress they may be feeling. For instance, an ISFJ child may be reproved for "sulking," the actual cause of which is a combination of physical illness plus misguided "good manners." An adult ISFJ may drive a (later ashamed) friend or SO into a fit of temper over the ISFJ"s unexplained moodiness, only afterwards khổng lồ explain about a death in the family they "didn"t want to burden anyone with." Those close to lớn ISFJs should learn lớn watch for the warning signs in these situations & take the initiative themselves to uncover the problem.

Introverted Sensing

As for ISTJs, the dominant tê mê is oriented toward the world of forms,essences, generics. Again, "for both of the IS_J types, the sense ofpropriety comes from the clear definition of these internal forms. ... A"proper" chair has four legs," etc. (Jung saw IS as something of anoxymoron: sensing, which is a perceiving function, focused inward & thusaway from that which is perceived (the "object"). In this light, hedescribed this sensing as something removed from reality, full ofarchetypes/mythical figures/hobgoblins; sensing of one"s own set offorms.)

Extraverted Feeling

A kind of "regression toward the mean" provided by the sắt auxiliaryfunction serves to lớn socialize the expression of these forms. I supposeit"s the auxiliary nature of this Feeling, coupled with the balancingeffect of detachment from the internal idiosyncratic view offree-floating data perceptions that makes ISFJs tentative, conservative,and reticent khổng lồ boldly state the rights & wrongs in the relationalworld. (Loosely translated, ISFJs like to keep their perceptions tothemselves, và aren"t sure enough that what they "see" as IntrovertedSensors has any relevance to the outside world. Thus the perception, basedon unworldly data, may not be true. The obedient Extraverted Feelingfunction must therefore refrain from strong statements expressing theseopinions.)

Introverted Thinking

Introverted Thinking is turned inward and is largely invisible. It isonly with great difficulty, if at all, that the ISFJ could willinglycommit anyone to lớn their doom. Perhaps this explains why ISFJs are loyal tothe end; there is no sense of purely objective (i.e., impersonal)judgement of anyone but themselves (and that only by their own standards).Here is this type"s achilles heel that makes many of them so vulnerable tothe scoundrels & ne’er-do-wells who often use and abuse them.

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Extraverted iNtuition

ISFJs are easily undone by Extraverted iNtuition, their inferior function.Believing in the fantastic, & disbelieving the technologically extant,are errors that may guide the gullible (or unfoundedly sceptical) ISFJ offa precipice of mis-conclusion. (One of our co-workers" mothers adamantlyrefused to believe that Dave Letterman"s mom was actually at the olympicsin Norway talking with the athletes & handing out hams! Shesuspected technological trickery.)

This childlike Ne is, however, the likely source (coupled with fun-lovingExtraverted Feeling) of the practical joking, punning và (usuallyharmless) impishness of some ISFJs.